Istambul
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Istanbul (Turkish: İstanbul) is the largest city in Turkey, constituting the country's economic, cultural, and historical heart. With a population of 14.1 million, the city forms one of the largest urban agglomerations in Europe, second largest in the Middle East and the third-largest city in the world by population within city limits. Istanbul's vast area of 5,343 square kilometers (2,063 sq mi) is coterminous with Istanbul Province, of which the city is the administrative capital. Istanbul is a transcontinental city, straddling the Bosphorus—one of the world's busiest waterways—in northwestern Turkey, between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea. Its commercial and historical center lies in Europe, while a third of its population lives in Asia.
Founded on the Sarayburnu promontory around 660 BC as Byzantium, the city now known as Istanbul developed to become one of the most significant cities in history. For nearly sixteen centuries following its reestablishment as Constantinople in 330 AD, it served as the capital of four empires: the Roman Empire (330–395), the Byzantine Empire (395–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin Empire (1204–1261), and the Ottoman Empire (1453–1922). It was instrumental in the advancement of Christianity during Roman and Byzantine times, before the Ottomans conquered the city in 1453 and transformed it into an Islamic stronghold and the seat of the last caliphate. Although the Republic of Turkey established its capital in Ankara, palaces and imperial mosques still line Istanbul's hills as visible reminders of the city's previous central role.
Istanbul's strategic position along the historic Silk Road, rail networks to Europe and the Middle East, and the only sea route between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean have helped foster an eclectic populace, although less so since the establishment of the Republic in 1923. Overlooked for the new capital during the interwar period, the city has since regained much of its prominence. The population of the city has increased tenfold since the 1950s, as migrants from across Anatolia have flocked to the metropolis and city limits have expanded to accommodate them. Arts festivals were established at the end of the 20th century, while infrastructure improvements have produced a complex transportation network.
Approximately 11.6 million foreign visitors arrived in Istanbul in 2012, two years after it was named a European Capital of Culture, making the city the world's fifth-most-popular tourist destination. The city's biggest draw remains its historic center, partially listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, but its cultural and entertainment hub can be found across the city's natural harbor, the Golden Horn, in the Beyoğlu district. Considered a global city, Istanbul is one of the fastest-growing metropolitan economies in the world. It hosts the headquarters of many Turkish companies and media outlets and accounts for more than a quarter of the country's gross domestic product. Hoping to capitalize on its revitalization and rapid expansion, Istanbul bid for the Summer Olympics five times in twenty years.

Jest to fragment artykułu Istambul z darmowej encyklopedii Wikipedia. Na Wikipedii dostępna jest lista autorów.
Zdjęcia dotyczące Istambul
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Wyniki wyszukiwania na Google i Bing
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Doner Kebab , kebap drobiowy , gyros , udo , producent ...
KEBAB - ISTANBUL Bydgoszcz - Białe Błota Producent Döner Kebap (wołowina, kurczak) Najlepszy oryginalny kebab na rynku - Zapraszamy do współpracy ...
www.istanbul.pl/
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Kebap, gyros, pita - Zapraszamy i życzymy smacznego ...
Imbiss Istanbul - Profesjonalnie, szybko i zdrowo. ... Od ponad 40 lat istnienia na rynku europejskim Döner Kebap rozpoznawany jest jako nowoczesny styl fast-food.
www.istanbul.com.pl/
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Istanbul - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Istanbul (Turkish: İstanbul) is the largest city in Turkey, constituting the country's economic, cultural, and historical heart. With a population of 14.1 million, the city  ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Istanbul
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Stambuł – Wikipedia, wolna encyklopedia
İstanbul) – największe i najludniejsze miasto Turcji i jej centrum kulturalne, handlowe oraz finansowe. Rozciąga się od północnego wybrzeża morza Marmara ...
pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stambu%C5%82
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Istanbul travel guide - Wikitravel
Istanbul (Turkish: İstanbul) is Turkey's most populous city as well as cultural and financial center. Located on both sides of the Bosphorus, the narrow strait ...
wikitravel.org/en/Istanbul
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Istanbul city guide | istanbul.com
Istanbul is one of the largest cities in the world and istanbul.com is the official site about Istanbul. For everything you are looking for about Istanbul!
english.istanbul.com/
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Istanbul Cymbals
Handmade cymbals from Turkey in different variations.
istanbulcymbals.com/
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TAV Istanbul Ataturk Airport
Located just outside Istanbul, with information on flights, weather, hotels, parking, food, transportation, airport maps, statistics and picture guide.
www.ataturkairport.com/
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gotwarlost/istanbul · GitHub
istanbul - Yet another JS code coverage tool that computes statement, line, function and branch coverage with module loader hooks to transparently add ...
github.com/gotwarlost/istanbul
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Istanbul - Hurriyet Daily News
Solange Greco, the wife of the Consul General of Brazil in Istanbul, will display her paintings at an exhibition to open at Istanbul's Tunnel Art Gallery on April 1.
www.hurriyetdailynews.com/tag/Istanbul
Wyniki wyszukiwania dla "Istambul"
Google: ok. 131.000.000
Istambul w nauce
Uniwersytet Stambulski – Wikipedia, wolna encyklopedia
Uniwersytet Stambulski (tur. İstanbul Üniversitesi) − największy i cieszący się opinią najbardziej prestiżowego uniwersytetu Turcji, mieszczący się w Stambule,  ...
Stambuł – Wikipedia, wolna encyklopedia
Siedziba 5 uniwersytetów, z których najstarszy – Uniwersytet Stambulski – został ... Nazwa Stambuł (İstanbul) pochodzi od zniekształconego w ustach Turków ...
Uniwersytet Techniczny w Stambule – Wikipedia, wolna encyklopedia
Uniwersytet Techniczny w Stambule ((ang.) Istanbul Technical University, ITU) – największy, i cieszący się opinią najbardziej prestiżowego, uniwersytet w Turcji, ...
Erasmus w Stambule. „Najpiękniejszy okres w moim życiu”
22 Lip 2009 ... „Erasmusi” w Stambule mają dwie możliwości: albo zaangażować się w ... Mój uniwersytet jest, jak zresztą w większości innych przypadków, ...
Uniwersytet Stambulski - SJiKP - Szkoła Języka i Kultury Polskiej ...
Stambuł to miasto, gdzie łączy się kultura wchodu z zachodem (z jednej strony Hagia Sofia, z drugiej Błękitny Meczet). Klimat orientu to nie tylko wyśmienite ...
Turcja, Stambuł, uniwersytet - WIEM, darmowa encyklopedia
Turcja, Stambuł, uniwersytet. Dodaj do notesu. Multimedia, Ilustracja, Zdjęcie. Opis: Stambuł, uniwersytet. Autor: Corel. Inne na ten temat: Stambuł, więcej » ...
Uniwersytet Stambulski (İstanbul... - Bajeczny Stambuł | Facebook
Uniwersytet Stambulski (tur. İstanbul Üniversitesi) − największy i cieszący się opinią najbardziej prestiżowego uniwersytetu Turcji, mieszczący się w Stambule,  ...
Mapa Stambułu - Podróże do Stambuł, Zdjęcie satelitarne mapa ...
Siedziba 5 uniwersytetów, z których najstarszy – Uniwersytet Stambulski – został założony w 1453. Stambuł jest jedynym miastem na świecie położonym na ...
Istanbul University (1453)
560th Year of İstanbul University. http://www2.istanbul.edu.tr/english/wp-content/ uploads/slideshow-gallery/ilk_500_banner.jpg. -560th-year-of-stanbul- ...
Istanbul University - Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
Studenci w Turcji mogą za 10 lir wyrobić kartę muzealną, jednak w Stambule w większości obiektów nie jest ona honorowana i trzeba płacić za wstęp. Mimo to ...
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Wpisy na blogach na temat
Istambul
For 91 Days in Istanbul – Travel Blog
istanbul.for91days.com/
Witt Magazine — Simply the best local istanbul advice around.
Istanbul locals show you the inside track on how to tackle the best sightseeing spots and venues in Istanbul — often off the beaten tourist track.
www.wittistanbul.com/magazine/
Delicious Istanbul — Your Most Personal Introduction to Turkish Food and Culture
Your Most Personal Introduction to Turkish Food and Culture
www.deliciousistanbul.com/blog/
tooistanbul | Blog sur Istanbul, le petit guide de la vie stambouliote, tous les restaurants, monuments, bars et autres activités pour voyager à Istanbul. À ne pas manquer avant d'organiser un voyage en Turquie
Ce blog écrit par des stambouliotes vous aidera à visiter le vrai Istanbul ; les quartiers historiques, la mégalopole moderne, ainsi que les bords du Bosphore trop peu connus des touristes. Vous trouverez les meilleures adresses et tous les bons plans d’Istanbul. Nous pouvons également vous fournir une aide personnalisée pour organiser votre séjour. Bon…
tooistanbul.com/
Istanbul Food | Food and Travel Blog, Turkish Food and Culture, Food Stories, Local Food, Food Photography
Istanbul Food captures tastes of Istanbul - Turkey, from a local food expert's point of view, talking about people, culture beyond Turkish food and
www.istanbulfood.com/
Istanbul's Stranger
I haven't done anything to celebrate Valentine's Day since I was in grade school and we had those Valentine's Day parties in class where everyone has a shoebox with a hole cut in the front and everyone else in the class had to stick those crappy cards with crappy puns into everyone else's shoebox. You had to sign all the cards the night before with your mom watching over your shoulder to make sure you didn't write something shitty to the kids who were assholes. Lucky for me, 14 February is also my anniversary of the day I came to Turkey.
istanbuls-stranger.blogspot.com/
Blog Istanbul, expat Istanbul
Blog written by expatriates in Istanbul, living in Istanbul, working in Istanbul
www.expat-blog.com/en/directory/middle-east/turkey/istanbul/
Istanbul: What the guidebooks don't tell you | Budget Travel's Blog | Travel Deals, Travel Tips, Travel Advice, Vacation Ideas
A group of friends spent a week in Istanbul and found that guidebooks left them unprepared for what to expect as female travelers.
www.budgettravel.com/blog/istanbul-what-the-guidebooks-dont-tell-you,9815/
Erasmus Istanbul
Z powodów naszych problemów z wizą musiałyśmy wyjechać za granicę. Oczywiście uczelnia w tym nic nie pomogła, zostawiła nas można powiedzieć samych...
erasmusistambul2011.blogspot.com/
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